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Author Topic: This day in History Back to Topics
Champion Author

Joined:Aug 2004
Message Posted: May 10, 2006 12:44:24 PM

On May 10th the following happend in the old west:

Tanscontinental Railroad
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Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Mar 2, 2015 10:21:44 AM

* 1966 - In Dearborn, Michigan, the Ford Motor Company celebrates the production of its 1 millionth Mustang, a white convertible. The sporty, affordable vehicle was officially launched two years earlier, on April 17, 1964, at the World's Fair in Flushing Meadows, New York. That same day, the new car debuted in Ford showrooms across America; almost immediately, buyers snapped up nearly 22,000 of them. More than 400,000 Mustangs were sold within that first year, exceeding sales expectations.

The Mustang was conceived as a "working man's Thunderbird," according to Ford. The first models featured a long hood and short rear deck and a chassis based on the compact Ford Falcon. The Mustang was available in a hardtop, coupe or convertible and carried an average price tag of about $2,300. Ford general manager Lee Iacocca, who became president of the company in October 1964 (and later headed up Chrysler, which he was credited with reviving in the 1980s) was involved in the Mustang's development and marketing. The car's launch generated great interest: The Mustang was featured on the covers of Newsweek and Time and the night before it went on sale, the Mustang was promoted in commercials that ran simultaneously on the three major television networks. One buyer in Texas reportedly slept at a Ford showroom until his check cleared and he could drive his new Mustang home. The same year it debuted, the Mustang appeared on the silver screen in the James Bond movie "Goldfinger." A green 1968 Mustang GT was famously featured in the 1968 Steve McQueen action movie "Bullitt." To date, Mustangs have appeared in hundreds of movies.

Within three years of its debut, approximately 500 Mustang fan clubs had cropped up. In 1999, in honor of the Mustang's 35th anniversary, the U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp commemorating the original model. Over the decades, the Mustang has undergone numerous evolutions and remains in production today.

Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Mar 2, 2015 3:12:42 AM

1949 – The first automatic street light was installed in New Milford, Connecticut.
Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Mar 2, 2015 3:07:49 AM

Wilt Chamberlain's 100-Point Game (1962)
Recognized as one of the National Basketball Association's greatest players of all time, Wilt Chamberlain led the league in scoring for 7 seasons and in rebounding 11 times, was named the NBA's Most Valuable Player 4 times, and was elected to basketball's Hall of Fame. However, he is perhaps best known for being the only player in league history to score 100 points in a single game
Champion Author New Jersey

Joined:Jul 2005
Message Posted: Mar 1, 2015 10:38:02 PM

1949 - Joe Louis announced that he was retiring from boxing as world heavyweight boxing champion.
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Mar 1, 2015 10:20:33 AM

* 1932 - In a crime that captured the attention of the entire nation, Charles Lindbergh III, the 20-month-old son of aviation hero Charles Lindbergh, is kidnapped from the family's new mansion in Hopewell, New Jersey. Lindbergh, who became an international celebrity when he flew the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927, and his wife Anne discovered a ransom note demanding $50,000 in their son's empty room. The kidnapper used a ladder to climb up to the open second-floor window and left muddy footprints in the room.

The Lindberghs were inundated by offers of assistance and false clues. Even Al Capone offered his help from prison. For three days, investigators found nothing and there was no further word from the kidnappers. Then, a new letter showed up, this time demanding $70,000.

The kidnappers eventually gave instructions for dropping off the money and when it was delivered, the Lindberghs were told their baby was on a boat called Nelly off the coast of Massachusetts. After an exhaustive search, however, there was no sign of either the boat or the child. Soon after, the baby's body was discovered near the Lindbergh mansion. He had been killed the night of the kidnapping and was found less than a mile from home. The heartbroken Lindberghs ended up donating the mansion to charity and moved away.

The kidnapping looked like it would go unsolved until September 1934, when a marked bill from the ransom turned up. The gas station attendant who had accepted the bill wrote down the license plate number because he was suspicious of the driver. It was tracked back to a German immigrant and carpenter, Bruno Hauptmann. When his home was searched, detectives found a chunk of Lindbergh ransom money.

Hauptmann claimed that a friend had given him the money to hold and that he had no connection to the crime. The resulting trial was a national sensation. The prosecution's case was not particularly strong; the main evidence, besides the money, was testimony from handwriting experts that the ransom note had been written by Hauptmann. The prosecution also tried to establish a connection between Hauptmann and the type of wood that was used to make the ladder.

Still, the evidence and intense public pressure were enough to convict Hauptmann and he was electrocuted in 1935. In the aftermath of the crime—the most notorious of the 1930s—kidnapping was made a federal offense.

Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Mar 1, 2015 3:02:29 AM

1872 – Yellowstone National Park became the first national park.
Champion Author New Jersey

Joined:Jul 2005
Message Posted: Feb 28, 2015 11:52:20 PM

2015 - Anthony Mason, a longtime NBA player who helped the New York Knicks reach the 1994 NBA Finals, died at the age of 48. The 13-year NBA veteran had been diagnosed with congestive heart failure earlier this month.
Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 28, 2015 1:33:12 PM

* 870 8th Ecumenical council ends in Constantinople
* 1066 Westminster Abbey opens
* 1570 Anti-Portugese uprising on Ternate, Moluccas
* 1610 Thomas West, Baron de La Mar, is appointed governor of Virginia
* 1638 Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
* 1646 Roger Scott was tried in Mass for sleeping in church
* 1653 -Mar 3] 3 Day Sea battle English beats Dutch
* 1667 English colony Suriname in Dutch hands
* 1692 Salem witch hunt begins
* 1704 Elias Neau, a Frenchman, opens a school for blacks in NYC
* 1704 Indians attack Deerfield, Mass, kill 40, kidnap 100
* 1708 Slave revolt, Newton, Long Island NY, 11 die
* 1728 Georg F H„ndels opera "Siroe, re di Persia," premieres in London
* 1730 Tsarina Anna Ivanovna leads autocracy
* 1749 1st edition of Henry Fieldings' "Tom Jones" published
* 1759 Pope Clement XIII allows Bible to be translated into various languages
* 1778 Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves
* 1784 John Wesley charters Methodist Church
* 1794 US Senate voids Pennsylvania's election of Abraham Gallatin
* 1810 1st US fire insurance joint-stock company organized, Philadelphia
* 1819 1st public performance of a Schubert song, "Sch„fers Klageleid"
* 1826 M Biela, an Austrian officer, discovers Biela's Comet
* 1827 1st commercial railroad in US, Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) chartered
* 1828 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Treuer Diener," premieres in Vienna
* 1835 Dr Elias L"nnrot publishes Finnish poem "Kalevala"
* 1844 12-inch gun aboard USS Princeton explodes
* 1847 US defeats M‚xico in battle of Sacramento
* 1849 1st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast
* 1854 Republican Party formally organized at Ripon, Wisc
* 1859 Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery
* 1861 Territories of Nevada & Colorado created
* 1862 Opera "La Reine de Saba," premieres in Paris
* 1863 Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister Georgia
* 1864 -Mar 3rd] Skirmish at Albemarle County Virginia (Burton's Ford)
* 1864 -Mar 4th) Raid at Kilpatrick's Richmond
* 1871 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
* 1878 US congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
* 1879 "Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political/economic exploitation
* 1882 1st US college cooperative store opens, at Harvard U
* 1883 1st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston)
* 1888 Ferry in San Pablo Bay explodes
* 1888 Vincent d'Indy's Wallenstein-trilogy, premieres
* 1891 Oscar Grund‚n skates world record 500m (50.8 sec)
* 1893 Edward Acheson, Penn, patents an abrasive he names "carborundum"
* 1896 France dismisses Queen Ranavalona of Madagascar
* 1900 General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith Natal
* 1902 Jules Massenets opera premieres in Monte Carlo
* 1903 Barney Dreyfuss & James Potter buys Phila Phillies for $170,000
* 1904 Vincent d'Indy's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres
* 1906 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Queen's U (Kingston Ont) in 2 games
* 1908 Failed assassination attempt on Shah Mohammed Ali in Teheran
* 1912 Victor Trumper's last Test Cricket innings c Woolley b Barnes 50
* 1913 6.8-m, 4000-kg elephant seal killed, South Georgia (S Atlantic)
* 1914 Construction begins on Tower of Jewels for the Exposition (SF)
* 1917 AP reports M‚xico & Japan will allie with Germany if US enters WW I
* 1917 Russian Duma sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets
* 1920 Maurice Ravel's "Le tombeau de Couperin," premieres
* 1922 Egypt regains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
* 1922 English princess Mary marries viscount Lascelles
* 1922 KHQ-AM in Spokane WA begins radio transmissions
* 1923 Swedish king Gustaaf V begins state visit to Netherlands
* 1924 US begins intervention in Honduras
* 1925 "Tea For Two" by Marion Harris hit #1
* 1925 Congress authorizes a special handling stamp
* 1925 Longest win streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (9 games)
* 1925 Theater Museum of Amsterdam forms
* 1929 Chic Black Hawks lose record NHL 15th straight game at home
* 1931 Canadian Rugby Union adopts the forward pass
* 1931 Oswald Mosley founds his New Party
* 1933 1st female in cabinet: Francis Perkins appointed Secretary of Labor
* 1933 German Pres Von Hindenburg abolishes free expression of opinion
* 1933 Hitler disallows German communist party (KPD)
* 1935 Amsterdam Hotel of the Red Lion gets sidewalk permit
* 1935 Nylon discovered by Dr Wallace H Carothers
* 1939 Great-Britain recognizes Franco-regime in Spain
* 1940 1st televised basketball game (U of Pitts beats Fordham U, 50-37)
* 1940 Richard Wright's "Native Son" published
* 1940 US population at 131,669,275 (12,865,518 blacks (9.8%))
* 1941 39 U Boats (197,000 ton) sunk this month
* 1941 British-Italian dogfight above Albania
* 1942 1st weapon drop on Netherlands
* 1942 Japanese land in Java, last Allied bastion in Dutch East Indies
* 1942 Race riot, Sojourner Truth Homes, Detroit
* 1943 "Porgy & Bess" opens on Broadway with Anne Brown & Todd Duncan
* 1943 63 U Boats (359,300 ton) sinks this month
* 1947 Anti Kuomintang demonstration on Taiwan
* 1950 "Alive & Kicking" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 46 perfs
* 1951 French govt of Pleven dissolves
* 1951 Senate committee reports of at least 2 major US crime syndicates
* 1953 Stalin meets with Beria, Bulganin, Khrushchev & Malenkov
* 1954 Patty Berg/Pete Cooper wins LPGA Orlando Mixed Golf Tournament
* 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
* 1956 13 die in a train crash in Swampscott Mass
* 1956 Forrester issued a patent for computer core memory
* 1957 Jockey Johnny Longden's 5,000th career victory
* 1958 West Indies 1-504 in reply to Pakistan 328, day 3 of 3rd Test Cricket
* 1959 "Goldilocks" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC after 161 perfs
* 1959 Ice Dance Championship at Colo Springs USA won by Denny & Jones of GRB
* 1959 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner & Paul of CAN
* 1959 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Colo Spr won by Carol Heiss USA
* 1959 Launch of Discoverer 1 (WTR)-1st polar orbit
* 1959 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Colo Spr won by David Jenkins USA
* 1959 NFL trade, Chicago Cards trade Ollie Matson to LA Rams for 9 players
* 1960 8th winter Olympic games close at Squaw Valley, Colo
* 1960 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
* 1960 US wins Olympic hockey gold medal by defeating Czechoslovakia 9-4
* 1961 JFK names Henry Kissinger special advisor
* 1962 WMGM-AM in New York City changes call letters to WHN
* 1966 Cavern Club (Beatles hangout) in Liverpool closes
* 1966 Sandy Koufax & Don Drysdale begin a joint holdout against Dodgers
* 1967 Wilt Chamberlain sinks NBA record 35th consecutive field goal
* 1968 Pirate Radio Hauraki, off NZ, returns to the air
* 1969 Ice Dance Championship at Colorado Spr won by Towler & Ford of GBR
* 1969 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Spr won by Rodnina & Ulanov of URS
* 1969 Ladies Figure Skating Champion in Colo Spr won by Gabriele Seyfert GDR
* 1969 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Colo Springs won by Tim Wood USA
* 1970 "Georgy" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 4 performances
* 1970 Bicycles permitted to cross Golden Gate Bridge
* 1970 Caroline Walker runs world female record marathon (3:02:53)
* 1970 KIIN (now KUN) TV channel 12 in Iowa City, IA (PBS) 1st broadcast
* 1970 WUTR TV channel 20 in Utica-Rome, NY (ABC) begins broadcasting
* 1971 WDRB TV channel 41 in Louisville, KY (IND) begins broadcasting
* 1971 53rd PGA Championship: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 281 at PGA Natl FL Jack Nicklaus wins his 2nd golf grand slam
* 1972 George Harrison is involved in a minor car accident
* 1972 Last broadcast of "M*A*S*H" on NBC-TV
* 1972 Pres Richard Nixon ends historic week-long visit to China
* 1973 Suriname govt of Sedney arrests 13 union leaders
* 1974 Ethiopian govt of Makonnen forms
* 1974 Labour Party wins British parliamentary election
* 1974 Taiwan police shoots into crowd
* 1974 US & Egypt re-form diplomatic relations after 7 years
* 1975 41 killed in London Underground, as train speeds past final stop
* 1975 EG signs accord of Lom‚ with 46 developing countries
* 1975 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
* 1976 18th Grammy Awards: Love Will Keep Us Together, Natalie Cole wins
* 1976 Ceuta & Melilla (Spanish Morocco) are last European African possession
* 1976 Spain withdraws from Western Sahara
* 1977 1st killer whale born in captivity (Marineland, LA Calif)
* 1977 Harbor strike in Rotterdam/Amsterdam ends
* 1979 Ernest Thompson's "On Golden Pond," premieres in NYC
* 1980 "The Well-Tuned Piano" by La Monte Young premieres (takes 4 h 12 m)
* 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
* 1981 Calvin Murphy (Hou), sets NBA record with 78 consecutive free throws
* 1981 China PR throws out Neth ambassador due to submarine sale to Taiwan
* 1982 AT & T looses record $7 BILLION for fiscal year ending on this day
* 1982 Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Arizona Copper Golf Classic
* 1982 FALN (PR Nationalist Group) bombs Wall Street
* 1983 Final TV episode of "M*A*S*H" airs (CBS); record 125 million watch
* 1984 26th Grammy Awards: Beat It, Michael Jackson wins 8
* 1986 European Economic Community sign "Special Act" for Europe free trade
* 1986 Peter Uberroth suspended 7 baseball players for 1 year, after they admitted in Curtis Strong's trial in September, they used drugs
* 1988 15th Winter Olympic games close at Calgary, Canada
* 1988 Anti-Armenian pogrom in Azerbaijan, 30 killed
* 1988 Pat Verbeek becomes 1st NJ Devil to score 4 goals in an NHL game
* 1988 Yvonne van Gennip skates world record 5 km ladies (7:14.13)
* 1989 Gretchen Polhemus, 23, (Texas), crowned 38th Miss USA
* 1989 Memo by Brian Gumbel criticizing Today Show co-workers becomes public
* 1989 Red Schoendienst & Al Barlick elected to Hall of Fame
* 1990 Dutch police seize 3,000 kg of cocaine
* 1990 US 65th manned space mission STS 36 (Atlantis 6) launches into orbit
* 1991 "Les Miserables" opens at Theatre Carre, Amsterdam
* 1991 "Speed of Darkness" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 36 performances
* 1991 Don Mattingly named 10th NY Yankee Captain
* 1991 Noureddine Morceli runs world record 1500m indoor (3:34:16)
* 1991 US & allied forces grant Iraq a cease fire
* 1993 "Anna Christie" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 54 performances
* 1993 7th American Comedy Award: Seinfeld wins
* 1993 Gun battle erupts at Waco Texas between FBI & Branch Davidians
* 1993 Iolanda Chen triple jumps world indoor record hop step (14.46m)
* 1993 Tony Curtis weds Lisa Deutsch as his 4th wife
* 1994 100 agents raid Branch Davidian compound at Waco Texas
* 1994 Brady Law, imposing a wait-period to buy a hand-gun, went into effect
* 1995 Denver International Airport opens
* 1996 38th Grammy Awards: Jagged Little Pill, Alanis Morisette wins
* 1997 Earthquake in Pakistan, kills 45
* 1997 FBI agent Earl Pitts pleads guilty to selling secrets to Russia
* 1997 Smokers must prove they are over 18 to purchase cigarettes in US
* 1998 "View From the Bridge," closes at Criterion Theater NYC
* 1998 Vancouver Canucks Mark Messier is 4th NHLer to get 1,600 points
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 28, 2015 10:28:15 AM

* 1993 - At Mount Carmel in Waco, Texas, agents of the U.S. Treasury Department's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) launch a raid against the Branch Davidian compound as part of an investigation into illegal possession of firearms and explosives by the Christian cult. As the agents attempted to penetrate the complex, gunfire erupted, beginning an extended gun battle that left four ATF agents dead and 15 wounded. Six Branch Davidians were fatally wounded, and several more were injured, including David Koresh, the cult's founder and leader. After 45 minutes of shooting, the ATF agents withdrew, and a cease-fire was negotiated over the telephone. The operation, which involved more than 100 ATF agents, was the one of the largest ever mounted by the bureau and resulted in the highest casualties of any ATF operation.

David Koresh was born Vernon Wayne Howell in Houston, Texas, in 1959. In 1981, he joined the Branch Davidians, a sect of the Seventh Day Adventist Church founded in 1934 by a Bulgarian immigrant named Victor Houteff. Koresh, who possessed an exhaustive knowledge of the Bible, rapidly rose in the hierarchy of the small religious community, eventually entering into a power struggle with the Davidians' leader, George Roden.

For a short time, Koresh retreated with his followers to eastern Texas, but in late 1987 he returned to Mount Carmel with seven armed followers and raided the compound, severely wounding Roden. Koresh went on trial for attempted murder, but the charge was dropped after his case was declared a mistrial. By 1990, he was the leader of the Branch Davidians and legally changed his name to David Koresh, with David representing his status as head of the biblical House of David, and Koresh standing for the Hebrew name for Cyrus, the Persian king who allowed the Jews held captive in Babylon to return to Israel.

Koresh took several wives at Mount Carmel and fathered at least 12 children from these women, several of whom were as young as 12 or 13 when they became pregnant. There is also evidence that Koresh may have harshly disciplined some of the 100 or so Branch Davidians living inside the compound, particularly his children. A central aspect of Koresh's religious teachings was his assertion that the apocalyptic events predicted in the Bible's book of Revelation were imminent, making it necessary, he asserted, for the Davidians to stockpile weapons and explosives in preparation.

Following the unsuccessful ATF raid, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) took over the situation. A standoff with the Branch Davidians stretched into seven weeks, and little progress was made in the telephone negotiations as the Davidians had stockpiled years of food and other necessities before the raid.

On April 18, U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno approved a tear-gas assault on the compound, and at approximately 6:00 a.m. on April 19 the Branch Davidians were informed of the imminent attack and asked to surrender, which they did not. A few minutes later, two FBI combat vehicles began inserting gas into the building and were joined by Bradley tanks, which fired tear-gas canisters through the compound's windows. The Branch Davidians, many with gas masks on, refused to evacuate, and by 11:40 a.m. the last of some 100 tear-gas canisters was fired into the compound. Just after noon, a fire erupted at one or more locations on the compound, and minutes later nine Davidians fled the rapidly spreading blaze. Gunfire was reported but ceased as the compound was completely engulfed by the flames.

Koresh and at least 80 of his followers, including 22 children, died during the federal government's second disastrous assault on Mount Carmel. The FBI and Justice Department maintained there was conclusive evidence that the Branch Davidian members ignited the fire, citing an eyewitness account and various forensic data. Of the gunfire reported during the fire, the government argued that the Davidians were either killing each other as part of a suicide pact or were killing dissenters who attempted to escape the Koresh-ordered suicide by fire. Most of the surviving Branch Davidians contested this official position, as do some critics in the press and elsewhere, whose charges against the ATF and FBI's handling of the Waco standoff ranged from incompetence to premeditated murder. In 1999, the FBI admitted that they used tear-gas grenades in the assault, which have been known to cause fires because of their incendiary properties.

Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 28, 2015 3:11:45 AM

2013 – Pope Benedict XVI resigned as Pope of the Catholic Church. He was the first Pope to resign since 1415, being Pope Gregory XII.
Champion Author New Jersey

Joined:Jul 2005
Message Posted: Feb 27, 2015 11:54:48 PM

1896 - The "Charlotte Observer" published a picture of an X-ray photograph made by Dr. H.L. Smith. The photograph showed a perfect picture of all the bones of a hand and a bullet that Smith had placed between the third and fourth fingers in the palm.
Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 27, 2015 4:41:13 PM

David H. Hubel (1926)
In 1981, neurobiologist David Hubel and his research partner, Rorsten Wiesel, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their research in the area of visual perception and their discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system.
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 27, 2015 10:59:14 AM

* 1827 - A group of masked and costumed students dance through the streets of New Orleans, Louisiana, marking the beginning of the city's famous Mardi Gras celebrations.

The celebration of Carnival--or the weeks between Twelfth Night on January 6 and Ash Wednesday, the beginning of the Christian period of Lent--spread from Rome across Europe and later to the Americas. Nowhere in the United States is Carnival celebrated as grandly as in New Orleans, famous for its over-the-top parades and parties for Mardi Gras (or Fat Tuesday), the last day of the Carnival season.

Though early French settlers brought the tradition of Mardi Gras to Louisiana at the end of the 17th century, Spanish governors of the province later banned the celebrations. After Louisiana became part of the United States in 1803, New Orleanians managed to convince the city council to lift the ban on wearing masks and partying in the streets. The city's new Mardi Gras tradition began in 1827 when the group of students, inspired by their experiences studying in Paris, donned masks and jester costumes and staged their own Fat Tuesday festivities.

The parties grew more and more popular, and in 1833 a rich plantation owner named Bernard Xavier de Marigny de Mandeville raised money to fund an official Mardi Gras celebration. After rowdy revelers began to get violent during the 1850s, a secret society called the Mistick Krewe of Comus staged the first large-scale, well-organized Mardi Gras parade in 1857.

Over time, hundreds of krewes formed, building elaborate and colorful floats for parades held over the two weeks leading up to Fat Tuesday. Riders on the floats are usually local citizens who toss "throws" at passersby, including metal coins, stuffed toys or those now-infamous strands of beads. Though many tourists mistakenly believe Bourbon Street and the historic French Quarter are the heart of Mardi Gras festivities, none of the major parades have been allowed to enter the area since 1979 because of its narrow streets.

In February 2006, New Orleans held its Mardi Gras celebrations despite the fact that Hurricane Katrina had devastated much of the city with massive flooding the previous August. Attendance was at only 60-70 percent of the 300,000-400,000 visitors who usually attend Mardi Gras, but the celebration marked an important step in the recovery of the city, which counts on hospitality and tourism as its single largest industry.

Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 27, 2015 3:07:20 AM

Elizabeth Taylor was born in 1932 at her parents’ home Heathwood in Hampstead Garden, London. Her parents, Francis Lenn Taylor and Sara Sothern were Americans living in England. She was called the Greatest Actress in Film History. In her career, she received more than forty awards, honors and nominations. She was nominated six times for an Academy Award and won twice. Elizabeth died of congestive heart failure on March 23, 2011 at the age of 79. She is entombed in the Great Mausoleum at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California.
Champion Author New Jersey

Joined:Jul 2005
Message Posted: Feb 26, 2015 11:33:01 PM

Tony Randall (1920): Actor who is most recognized for his portrayal of the quintessential neat freak, Felix Unger, on the popular series “The Odd Couple” (1969-74). Randall honed his craft at New York’s famed “Neighborhood Playhouse” before starring on Broadway in productions of “Oh, Captain” and “Inherit the Wind”. After breaking into television with a supporting role on the sitcom “Mr. Peepers” (1952-55), Tony made the leap to the silver screen to star in Oh, Men! Oh, Women! (1957), and the light, romantic features Pillow Talk (1959), Let’s Make Love (1960) and Down with Love (2003) . Randall tried to recapture the sitcom success he enjoyed on “The Odd Couple” with “The Tony Randall Show” and “Love, Sidney,” but both series only lasted a few seasons. In 1992, Randall started his own theatre company, the National Actors Theatre, and he spent his last years starring in the company’s productions until he passed away in May of 2004.
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 26, 2015 10:28:55 PM

* 1949 - From Carswell Air Force Base in Fort Worth, Texas, the Lucky Lady II, a B-50 Superfortress, takes off on the first nonstop round-the-world flight. Under the command of Captain James Gallagher, and featuring a crew of 14 men, the aircraft averaged 249 miles per hour on its 23,452-mile trek. The Lucky Lady II was refueled four times in the air by B-29 tanker planes and on March 2 returned to the United States after 94 hours in the air.

In December 1986, Voyager, a lightweight propeller plane constructed mainly of plastic, landed at Edwards Air Force Base in Muroc, California, having completed the first global flight without refueling.

Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 26, 2015 10:58:15 AM

1870-A 312-ft long pneumatic subway was opened in New York City; funding for a larger version never materialized.
Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 26, 2015 3:01:07 AM

1993 – A truck bomb parked in the North Tower of the World Trade Center killed six and injured thousands of people.
Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 25, 2015 8:24:24 PM

1964-Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) became world heavyweight boxing champion for the first time by knocking out Sonny Liston in Miami Beach
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 25, 2015 10:45:23 AM

* 1862 - The U.S. Congress passes the Legal Tender Act, authorizing the use of paper notes to pay the government's bills. This ended the long-standing policy of using only gold or silver in transactions, and it allowed the government to finance the enormously costly Civil War long after its gold and silver reserves were depleted.

Soon after the war began, the federal government began to run low on specie. Several proposals involving the use of bonds were suggested. Finally, Congress began printing money, which the Confederate government had been doing since the beginning of the war. The Legal Tender Act allowed the government to print $150 million in paper money that was not backed by a similar amount of gold and silver. Many bankers and financial experts predicted doom for the economy, as they believed there would be little confidence in the scheme. There were also misgivings in Congress, as many legislators worried about a complete collapse of the nation's financial infrastructure.

The paper notes, called greenbacks, worked much better than expected. The government was able to pay its bills and, by increasing the money in circulation, the wheels of Northern commerce were greased. The greenbacks were legal tender, which meant that creditors had to accept them at face value. In 1862, Congress also passed an income tax and steep excise taxes, both of which cooled the inflationary pressures created by the greenbacks.

Another legal tender act passed in 1863, and by war's end nearly a half-billion dollars in greenbacks had been issued. The Legal Tender Act laid the foundation for the creation of a permanent currency in the decades after the Civil War.

Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 25, 2015 3:00:39 AM

1990 – No Smoking on Airlines in North America went into effect for all U.S. Airlines.
Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 24, 2015 5:51:56 PM

1821-Mexico declared its independence from Spain.
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 24, 2015 10:53:36 AM

* 1868 - The U.S. House of Representatives votes 11 articles of impeachment against President Andrew Johnson, nine of which cite Johnson's removal of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, a violation of the Tenure of Office Act. The House vote made President Johnson the first president to be impeached in U.S. history.

At the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Andrew Johnson, a senator from Tennessee, was the only U.S. senator from a seceding state who remained loyal to the Union. In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln appointed him military governor of Tennessee, and in 1864 he was elected vice president of the United States. Sworn in as president after Lincoln's assassination in April 1865, President Johnson enacted a lenient Reconstruction policy for the defeated South, including almost total amnesty to ex-Confederates, a program of rapid restoration of U.S.-state status for the seceded states, and the approval of new, local Southern governments, which were able to legislate "Black Codes" that preserved the system of slavery in all but its name.

The Republican-dominated Congress greatly opposed Johnson's Reconstruction program and in March 1867 passed the Tenure of Office Act over the president's veto. The bill prohibited the president from removing officials confirmed by the Senate without senatorial approval and was designed to shield members of Johnson's Cabinet like Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, who had been a leading Republican radical in the Lincoln administration. In the fall of 1867, President Johnson attempted to test the constitutionality of the act by replacing Stanton with General Ulysses S. Grant. However, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to rule on the case, and Grant turned the office back to Stanton after the Senate passed a measure in protest of the dismissal.

On February 21, 1868, Johnson decided to rid himself of Stanton once and for all and appointed General Lorenzo Thomas, an individual far less favorable to the Congress than Grant, as secretary of war. Stanton refused to yield, barricading himself in his office, and the House of Representatives, which had already discussed impeachment after Johnson's first dismissal of Stanton, initiated formal impeachment proceedings against the president. On February 24, Johnson was impeached, and on March 13 his impeachment trial began in the Senate under the direction of U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase. The trial ended on May 26 with Johnson's opponents narrowly failing to achieve the two-thirds majority necessary to convict him.

Champion Author Nashville

Joined:May 2012
Message Posted: Feb 24, 2015 9:58:47 AM

On this day (Feb 24th) in 1992 "Wayne's World" opened in US theaters.
Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 24, 2015 3:04:46 AM

1989 – United Airlines Flight 811, San Francisco to Auckland, New Zealand made a scheduled stop in Honolulu. The aircraft had a flight crew of three, 15 Flight Attendants and 337 passengers. Departing Honolulu, during the assent to avoid thunderstorms, a grinding sound was heard after flying 16 minutes and a loud thud which shook the aircraft. The forward cargo door blew out, causing 10 seats to be ejected. Nine passengers in the Business Section were ejected and lost their lives. This accident occurred 10 weeks after Pan Am 103 blew up over Lockerbie, Scotland. Flight 811 returned to the airport, prepared for an emergency landing and all remaining passengers exited the plane in less than 45 seconds.
Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 23, 2015 8:04:44 PM

1836-Mexican general Santa Anna began the siege of the Alamo.
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 23, 2015 11:10:49 AM

* 1945 - During the bloody Battle for Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines from the 3rd Platoon, E Company, 2nd Battalion, 28th Regiment of the 5th Division take the crest of Mount Suribachi, the island's highest peak and most strategic position, and raise the U.S. flag. Marine photographer Louis Lowery was with them and recorded the event. American soldiers fighting for control of Suribachi's slopes cheered the raising of the flag, and several hours later more Marines headed up to the crest with a larger flag. Joe Rosenthal, a photographer with the Associated Press, met them along the way and recorded the raising of the second flag along with a Marine still photographer and a motion-picture cameraman.

Rosenthal took three photographs atop Suribachi. The first, which showed five Marines and one Navy corpsman struggling to hoist the heavy flag pole, became the most reproduced photograph in history and won him a Pulitzer Prize. The accompanying motion-picture footage attests to the fact that the picture was not posed. Of the other two photos, the second was similar to the first but less affecting, and the third was a group picture of 18 soldiers smiling and waving for the camera. Many of these men, including three of the six soldiers seen raising the flag in the famous Rosenthal photo, were killed before the conclusion of the Battle for Iwo Jima in late March.

In early 1945, U.S. military command sought to gain control of the island of Iwo Jima in advance of the projected aerial campaign against the Japanese home islands. Iwo Jima, a tiny volcanic island located in the Pacific about 700 miles southeast of Japan, was to be a base for fighter aircraft and an emergency-landing site for bombers. On February 19, 1945, after three days of heavy naval and aerial bombardment, the first wave of U.S. Marines stormed onto Iwo Jima's inhospitable shores.

The Japanese garrison on the island numbered 22,000 heavily entrenched men. Their commander, General Tadamichi Kuribayashi, had been expecting an Allied invasion for months and used the time wisely to construct an intricate and deadly system of underground tunnels, fortifications, and artillery that withstood the initial Allied bombardment. By the evening of the first day, despite incessant mortar fire, 30,000 U.S. Marines commanded by General Holland Smith managed to establish a solid beachhead.

During the next few days, the Marines advanced inch by inch under heavy fire from Japanese artillery and suffered suicidal charges from the Japanese infantry. Many of the Japanese defenders were never seen and remained underground manning artillery until they were blown apart by a grenade or rocket, or incinerated by a flame thrower.

While Japanese kamikaze flyers slammed into the Allied naval fleet around Iwo Jima, the Marines on the island continued their bloody advance across the island, responding to Kuribayashi's lethal defenses with remarkable endurance. On February 23, the crest of 550-foot Mount Suribachi was taken, and the next day the slopes of the extinct volcano were secured.

By March 3, U.S. forces controlled all three airfields on the island, and on March 26 the last Japanese defenders on Iwo Jima were wiped out. Only 200 of the original 22,000 Japanese defenders were captured alive. More than 6,000 Americans died taking Iwo Jima, and some 17,000 were wounded.


Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 23, 2015 3:07:47 AM

Happy Birthday, Tootsie Roll, 119 Years! The first individually wrapped penny candy invented in Chicago.
Champion Author New Jersey

Joined:Jul 2005
Message Posted: Feb 22, 2015 10:29:31 PM

1885 - The Washington Monument was officially dedicated in Washington, DC. It opened to the public in 1889.
Champion Author North Carolina

Joined:Jul 2004
Message Posted: Feb 22, 2015 9:38:15 PM

1980 – Miracle on Ice: In Lake Placid, New York, the United States hockey team defeats the Soviet Union hockey team 4–3.

Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 22, 2015 1:52:07 PM

February 22, 1928
BASIC Co-Inventor Thomas Kurtz Born

BASIC co-inventor Thomas Kurtz is born. With John Kemeny, Kurtz developed the easy-to-learn programming language for his students at Dartmouth College in the early 1960s. He said: "If Fortran is the lingua franca ... BASIC is the lingua playpen."
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 22, 2015 10:26:16 AM

* 1959 - Lee Petty defeats Johnny Beauchamp in a photo finish at the just-opened Daytona International Speedway in Florida to win the first-ever Daytona 500. The race was so close that Beauchamp was initially named the winner by William France, the owner of the track and head of the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR). However, Petty, who was driving a hardtop Oldsmobile 88, challenged the results and three days later, with the assistance of news photographs, he was officially named the champ. There was speculation that France declared Beauchamp the winner in order to intentionally stir up controversy and generate publicity for his new race track.

Today, the 200-lap, 500-mile Daytona 500 is one of auto racing's premiere events and the first race of the NASCAR season. France, a gas station owner and racing promoter, officially co-founded NASCAR in Daytona Beach in 1948. The following year, Lee Petty, a mechanic from North Carolina, began his racing career at the age of 35. He went on to win more than 50 races on NASCAR's Grand National circuit (subsequently known as the Winston Cup from 1971 to 2003, the NEXTEL Cup from 2004 to 2007 and the Sprint Cup from 2008 onward) and three championships before being seriously injured in a crash during a qualifying event at Daytona in 1961. Following the crash, Petty drove in a handful of races before retiring from competition in 1964. He went on to found Petty Enterprises, which became NASCAR's oldest and most successful racing team. In January 2009, Petty Enterprises merged with Gillett Evernham Motorsports and became Richard Petty Motorsports.

Petty's son, Richard (1937- ) became one of the greatest drivers in NASCAR history, winning the Daytona 500 a record seven times between 1964 and 1981. Richard Petty's sixth victory at Daytona, in 1979, also marked the first time the race was shown live, flag-to-flag, on television. Due to a snowstorm on the East Coast, a larger-than-anticipated TV audience tuned in to the race, which included a memorable fistfight between drivers Cale Yarborough and brothers Donnie and Bobby Allison, and the broadcast was a key moment in NASCAR's rise to become one of America's most popular spectator sports.

The Petty racing dynasty also includes Richard's son, Kyle Petty, and Adam Petty, Kyle's son, who died at the age of 19 in a crash at the New Hampshire International Speedway on May 12, 2000. Adam's great-grandfather, Lee Petty, had died less than a month earlier, on April 5, at the age of 86.

Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 22, 2015 3:17:26 AM

1879 – Frank Woolworth opened the first of many Woolworth stores in Utica, New York, known as “Woolworth’s Great Five Cent Store.”
Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 21, 2015 5:07:31 PM

2002-It was confirmed that Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl was dead, allegedly murdered by Islamic militants.Daniel Pearl 38, Wall Street Journal foreign correspondent, was kidnapped and murdered in January in Karachi, Pakistan, where he was researching a story about alleged “shoe bomber” Richard Reid. British-born Islamic militant Ahmed Omar Sheikh, a leader of the National Movement for the Restoration of Pakistani Sovereignty, was sentenced to death in July after being convicted of kidnapping and murdering Pearl. Three others were given life sentences for their role in the slaying. DNA tests confirmed that a body found in May was indeed Pearl's.
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 21, 2015 11:09:48 AM

* 1948 - The National Association for Stock Car Racing--or NASCAR, as it will come to be widely known--is officially incorporated. NASCAR racing will go on to become one of America's most popular spectator sports, as well as a multi-billion-dollar industry.

The driving force behind the establishment of NASCAR was William "Bill" France Sr. (1909-1992), a mechanic and auto-repair shop owner from Washington, D.C., who in the mid-1930s moved to Daytona Beach, Florida. The Daytona area was a gathering spot for racing enthusiasts, and France became involved in racing cars and promoting races. After witnessing how racing rules could vary from event to event and how dishonest promoters could abscond with prize money, France felt there was a need for a governing body to sanction and promote racing. He gathered members of the racing community to discuss the idea, and NASCAR was born, with its official incorporation in February 1921. France served as NASCAR's first president and played a key role in shaping its development in the sport's early decades.

NASCAR held its first Strictly Stock race on June 19, 1949, at the Charlotte Speedway in North Carolina. Some 13,000 fans were on hand to watch Glenn Dunnaway finish the 200-lap race first in his Ford; however, Jim Roper (who drove a Lincoln) collected the $2,000 prize after Dunnaway was disqualified for illegal rear springs on his vehicle. In the early years of NASCAR, competitors drove the same types of cars that people drove on the street--Buicks, Cadillacs, Oldsmobiles, among others--with minimal modifications. (Today, the cars are highly customized.)

In 1950, the first NASCAR-based track, the Darlington Raceway in South Carolina, opened. More new raceways followed, including the Daytona International Speedway, which opened in 1959. Lee Petty won the first Daytona 500, which was run on February 22 of that year. The Daytona 500 became NASCAR's season opener and one of its premiere events. Lee Petty's son Richard, who began his racing career in 1958, won the Daytona 500 a record seven times and became NASCAR's first superstar before retiring in 1992. On February 18, 1979, the first live flag-to-flag coverage of the Daytona 500 was broadcast on television. An end-of-the-race brawl between drivers Cale Yarborough and Donnie and Bobby Allison was a huge publicity generator and helped boost NASCAR's popularity on a national scale.

In 1972, France's son, William France Jr., took over the presidency of NASCAR from his father. Over the next three decades, the younger France (1933-2007) was instrumental in transforming NASCAR from a regional sport popular primarily in the southeast U.S. into one with a global fan base. France led NASCAR into a new era of lucrative corporate sponsorships and billion-dollar TV contracts. Today, NASCAR has three national series as well as four regional series and two international series. The organization sanctions over 1,200 races at 100 tracks across North America.

Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 21, 2015 3:06:06 AM

1885 – The Washington Monument was dedicated.
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 20, 2015 11:55:54 AM

* 1962 - From Cape Canaveral, Florida, John Hershel Glenn Jr. is successfully launched into space aboard the Friendship 7 spacecraft on the first orbital flight by an American astronaut.

Glenn, a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Marine Corps, was among the seven men chosen by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1959 to become America's first astronauts. A decorated pilot, he flew nearly 150 combat missions during World War II and the Korean War. In 1957, he made the first nonstop supersonic flight across the United States, flying from Los Angeles to New York in three hours and 23 minutes.

Glenn was preceded in space by two Americans, Alan B. Shepard Jr. and Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, and two Soviets, Yuri A. Gagarin and Gherman S. Titov. In April 1961, Gagarin was the first man in space, and his spacecraft Vostok 1 made a full orbit before returning to Earth. Less than one month later, Shepard was launched into space aboard Freedom 7 on a suborbital flight. In July, Grissom made another brief suborbital flight aboard Liberty Bell 7. In August, with the Americans still having failed to make an orbital flight, the Russians sprinted further ahead in the space race when Titov spent more than 25 hours in space aboard Vostok 2, making 17 orbits. As a technological power, the United States was looking very much second-rate compared with its Cold War adversary. If the Americans wanted to dispel this notion, they needed a multi-orbital flight before another Soviet space advance arrived.

It was with this responsibility in mind that John Glenn lifted off from the launch pad at Cape Canaveral at 9:47 a.m. on February 20, 1962. Some 100,000 spectators watched on the ground nearby and millions more saw it on television. After separating from its launching rocket, the bell-shaped Friendship 7 capsule entered into an orbit around Earth at a speed of about 17,500 miles per hour. Smoothing into orbit, Glenn radioed back, "Capsule is turning around. Oh, that view is tremendous."

During Friendship 7's first orbit, Glenn noticed what he described as small, glowing fireflies drifting by the capsule's tiny window. It was some time later that NASA mission control determined that the sparks were crystallized water vapor released by the capsule's air-conditioning system. Before the end of the first orbit, a more serious problem occurred when Friendship 7's automatic control system began to malfunction, sending the capsule into erratic movements. At the end of the orbit, Glenn switched to manual control and regained command of the craft.

Toward the end of Glenn's third and last orbit, mission control received a mechanical signal from the spacecraft indicating that the heat shield on the base of the capsule was possibly loose. Traveling at its immense speed, the capsule would be incinerated if the shield failed to absorb and dissipate the extremely high reentry temperatures. It was decided that the craft's retrorockets, usually jettisoned before reentry, would be left on in order to better secure the heat shield. Less than a minute later, Friendship 7 slammed into Earth's atmosphere.

During Glenn's fiery descent back to Earth, the straps holding the retrorockets gave way and flapped violently by his window as a shroud of ions caused by excessive friction enveloped the spacecraft, causing Glenn to lose radio contact with mission control. As mission control anxiously waited for the resumption of radio transmissions that would indicate Glenn's survival, he watched flaming chunks of retrorocket fly by his window. After four minutes of radio silence, Glenn's voice crackled through loudspeakers at mission control, and Friendship 7 splashed down safely in the Atlantic Ocean. He was picked up by the USS destroyer Noa, and his first words upon stepping out of the capsule and onto the deck of the Noa were, "It was hot in there." He had spent nearly five hours in space.

Glenn was hailed as a national hero, and on February 23 President John F. Kennedy visited him at Cape Canaveral. He later addressed Congress and was given a ticker-tape parade in New York City.

Out of a reluctance to risk the life of an astronaut as popular as Glenn, NASA essentially grounded the "Clean Marine" in the years after his historic flight. Frustrated with this uncharacteristic lack of activity, Glenn turned to politics and in 1964 announced his candidacy for the U.S. Senate from his home state of Ohio and formally left NASA. Later that year, however, he withdrew his Senate bid after seriously injuring his inner ear in a fall. In 1970, following a stint as a Royal Crown Cola executive, he ran for the Senate again but lost the Democratic nomination to Howard Metzenbaum. Four years later, he defeated Metzenbaum, won the general election, and went on to win reelection three times. In 1984, he unsuccessfully sought the Democratic nomination for president.

In early 1998, NASA announced it had approved Glenn to serve as a payload specialist on the space shuttle Discovery. On October 29, 1998, nearly four decades after his famous orbital flight, the 77-year-old Glenn became the oldest human ever to travel in space. During the nine-day mission, he served as part of a NASA study on health problems associated with aging. In 1999, he retired from his U.S. Senate seat after four consecutive terms in office, a record for the state of Ohio.

Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 20, 2015 11:42:55 AM

* 1525 Swiss & German mercenaries desert Fran‡ois I's army
* 1547 King Edward VI of England was enthroned following death of Henry VIII
* 1613 Gerard Reynst appointed Dutch gov-gen of East-Indies
* 1653 Defeat of Dutch fleet under Adm Van Tromp by Adm Blake off Portsmouth
* 1673 1st recorded wine auction held (London)
* 1710 Johan Willem Friso becomes viceroy of Groningen Neth
* 1725 10 sleeping Indians scalped by whites in NH for œ100/scalp bounty
* 1732 Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
* 1737 French minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigns
* 1745 Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Fort August, Scotland
* 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness
* 1768 1st American chartered fire insurance company opens (Penn)
* 1792 US postal service created; postage 6¢-12«¢, depending on distance
* 1809 Supreme Court rules federal govt power greater than any state
* 1811 Austria declares bankruptcy
* 1816 Rossini's opera "Barber of Seville" premieres in Rome
* 1823 English Capt James Weddell reaches 74° 15' S, 1520 km from S pole
* 1831 Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
* 1832 Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean
* 1835 Concepci¢n, Chile destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die
* 1839 Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
* 1846 British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
* 1856 John Rutledge, Liverpool-NY steamer, hits iceberg; many die
* 1861 Dept of Navy of Confederacy forms
* 1861 Steeple of Chichester Cathedral blown down during a storm
* 1864 Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
* 1865 M I T forms 1st US collegiate architectural school
* 1869 Tenn Gov W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
* 1872 Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
* 1872 Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
* 1872 Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (NYC)
* 1872 Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
* 1873 U of Calif gets its 1st Med School (UC/SF)
* 1877 1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
* 1877 International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
* 1887 1st minor league baseball association organizes (Pittsburgh)
* 1887 Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
* 1890 Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
* 1895 Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo
* 1899 Ill Tel & Tel granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system
* 1901 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
* 1902 Heavy surf breaks over Seal Rocks & damages Sutro Baths, SF
* 1903 Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge
* 1912 Argentina beat the MCC in their inaugural cricket 1st-class fixture
* 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in SF
* 1917 Ammunitions ship explodes in Archangelsk harbor, about 1,500 die
* 1917 Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!," premieres in NYC
* 1919 French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt
* 1921 Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran
* 1922 Marc Connelly & George Kaufman's "To the Ladies," premieres in NYC
* 1922 Vilinus, Lithuania, agrees to separate from Poland
* 1922 WOR-AM in New York City begins radio transmissions
* 1923 Christy Mathewson becomes pres of Boston Braves
* 1927 Golfers in SC arrested for violating Sabbath
* 1929 American Samoa organizes as territory of US
* 1929 Red Sox announce they will play Sunday games at Braves Field
* 1930 Capelle soccer team forms
* 1931 Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
* 1932 Japanese troops occupy Tunhua China
* 1933 Curom, Cura‡aose Broadcast System starts: Princess Juliana's speech
* 1933 House of Reps completes congressional action to repeal Prohibition
* 1933 Sidney Howard's "Alien Corn," premieres in NYC
* 1934 Virgil Thomson's opera "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens in NYC
* 1935 Karoline Mikkelson is 1st woman on Antarctica
* 1937 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
* 1938 UK Foreign Sec Eden resigns, says PM Chamberlain appeased Germany
* 1940 Larry Clinton & his Orchestra record "Limehouse Blues"
* 1941 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland
* 1941 Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation
* 1941 Romania breaks relations with Netherlands
* 1942 Lt E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers
* 1943 Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
* 1943 New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (M‚xico)
* 1943 Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
* 1944 Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
* 1944 US takes Eniwetok Island
* 1947 Chemical mixing error causes explosion that destroys 42ý blocks in LA
* 1947 Lord Mountbatten appointed as last viceroy of India
* 1948 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
* 1949 1st International Pancake Race held (Liberal Ks)
* 1950 Dylan Thomas arrives in NYC for his 1st US poetry reading tour
* 1950 WOL-AM in Washington DC swaps calls with WWDC
* 1952 "African Queen" opens at Capitol Theater in NYC
* 1952 1st black umpire in organized baseball certified (Emmett Ashford)
* 1953 August A Busch buys the Cards for $3.75 million
* 1953 US Court of Appeals rules that Organized Baseball is a sport & not a business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling
* 1954 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
* 1954 General Zahedi wins election in Persia
* 1955 Fay Crocker wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
* 1956 WOSU TV channel 34 in Columbus, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
* 1957 Hughie Tayfield takes 9-113 v England, 13 wkts for match
* 1958 Jockey Eddie Arcaro rides his 4,000th winner
* 1958 LA Coliseum Comm approves 2-yr pact allows Dodgers to use facility
* 1962 John Glenn is 1st American to orbit Earth (Friendship 7)
* 1963 End of the Test Cricket careers of Neil Harvey & Alan Davidson
* 1963 Willie Mays (SF Giants) signs a record $100,000 per year contract
* 1965 Beatles record "That Means a Lot"
* 1965 Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returns photos, other data
* 1965 Turkish government of Uerguplu forms
* 1966 Author Valery Tarsis banished in USSR
* 1968 John Cleese (Monty Python) marries Connie Booth
* 1968 State troopers used tear gas to stop demonstration at Alcorn A & M
* 1971 Bruin Phil Esposito is NHL's quickest to score 50 goals in a season
* 1971 General Idi Amin Dada appointed president of Uganda
* 1971 Maj General Idi Amin Dada appoints himself president of Uganda
* 1971 Natl Emergency Center erroneously orders US radio & TV stations to go off the air. Mistake wasn't resolved for 30 minutes
* 1972 1st time Cleve Cavaliers beat NY Knicks (111-109)
* 1972 Ard Schenk becomes world champ skater
* 1972 Sicco Mansholt becomes chairman of European Committee
* 1973 10th time Islanders shut-out-4-0 vs Penguins
* 1974 Cher files for separation from husband Sonny Bono
* 1974 Gordie Howe comes out of retirement for $1M from Houston Aeros, WHA
* 1975 Leonard Baichan scores 105* on Test Cricket debut, v Pakistan Lahore
* 1975 Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conserv Party
* 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
* 1976 Muhammad Ali KOs Jan Pierre Coopman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
* 1977 "My Fair Lady" closes at St James Theater NYC after 384 performances
* 1977 Judy Rankin wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
* 1978 4th People's Choice Awards: Star Wars, Carol Burnett & Bob Hope
* 1978 Bob Backland beats Billy Graham in NY, to become WWF wrestling champ
* 1978 Egypt announces it is pulling its diplomats out of Cyprus
* 1978 Jane Blalock wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
* 1979 "Comin' Uptown" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 45 performances
* 1980 Actress Susan Dey (LA Law) weds producer Bernard Sofronski
* 1981 Flight readiness firing of Columbia's main engines; 20 seconds
* 1981 James Sanford equals 50m indoor world record (5.61 sec)
* 1982 NY Islanders wins then NHL record 15th straight game
* 1983 Japan launches Tenma satellite to study x-rays (450/570 km)
* 1983 Roland Liboton becomes world champ cross-country cycling
* 1985 After defending his WBC flyweight championship, Sot Chitalada's check for $104,000 is stolen by a ringside pickpocket
* 1986 LA Dodger Orel Hershiser is 1st to win a $1M salary by arbitration
* 1986 Mike Tyson sexually harasses a woman in Albany NY
* 1987 Bomb blamed on Unabomber explodes by computer store in Salt Lake City
* 1987 David Hartman quits ABC's "Good Morning America," after 11 years
* 1988 500 die in heavy rains in Rio de Janeiro Brazil
* 1988 Andr‚ Hoffmann skates world record 1500m (1:52.06)
* 1988 Brian Boitano wins Olympic gold medal in figure skating
* 1988 Cornelia Oschkenat hurdles indoor world record 50m (6.58 sec)
* 1988 Kelly Hrudy's 5th Islander shut-out win-Hartford 3-0
* 1988 Peter Kalikow purchases NY Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million
* 1988 Rob Druppers runs world record indoor 1000m (2:16.2)
* 1988 Stefka Kostadinova high jumps indoor world record (2.06 m)
* 1989 Members of 1949 Oklahoma football team cancelled an April reunion because of deplorable conduct of Oklahoma players
* 1991 "Taking Steps" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 78 performances
* 1991 33rd Grammy Awards: Another Day in Paradise, Mariah Carey
* 1992 "Private Lives" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 37 performances
* 1992 Orthodox patriarch Shenouda III visits Netherlands
* 1992 Ross Perot says he'll run for President on Larry King Show
* 1993 Florida Marlins open their 1st spring training camp
* 1993 Lisa Walters wins LPGA Itoki Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
* 1993 NY Islanders retire Billy Smith's number 31
* 1994 3 Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage
* 1994 Johann Olav Koss skates world record 10 km (13:30.55)
* 1994 Pope John Paul II demands juristic discrimination of homosexuals
* 1997 "Stanley" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC
* 1997 SF Giants Barry Bonds signs record $22.9M 2 year contract
* 1998 Tara Lipinski wins Olympic figure skating gold medal
* 1998 UN Sec-Gen Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations
* 1998 US movie box office hits quickest $1 billion for year (51 days)
Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 20, 2015 3:07:46 AM

1873 – The University of California opened its first medical school in San Francisco.
Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 19, 2015 11:01:43 AM

* 197 Lucius Septimius Severus' army beats Clodius Albinus at Lyon
* 356 Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples
* 607 Boniface III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
* 842 Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ends as a council in Constantinople formally reinstated the veneration of icons in the churches
* 1512 French troops under Gaston de Foix occupy Brescia
* 1537 Weavers of Leiden Neth strike
* 1539 Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
* 1574 Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer & Jisp Neth
* 1582 Francis of Valois becomes duke of Brabant
* 1619 Trial against Johan van Oldenbarnevelt begins in The Hague
* 1634 Battle at Smolensk: Polish king Wladyslaw IV beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
* 1674 Netherlands & England sign Peace of Westminster (NYC becomes English)
* 1700 Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark
* 1736 Georg F H„ndel's "Alexander's Feast," premieres
* 1771 Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)
* 1797 1/3 of papal domain ceded to France
* 1803 Congress accepts Ohio's constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953
* 1807 British squadron under Adm Duckworth forces passage of Dardanelle
* 1807 VP Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later found innocent
* 1825 Franz Grillparzer's "K”nig Ottokars Gluck," premieres in Vienna
* 1831 1st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run, Penn
* 1846 Texas state govt formally installed in Austin
* 1856 Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
* 1859 Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity 1st time this defense is successfully used
* 1861 Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom [NS=Mar 3]
* 1864 Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Wash DC (12 members)
* 1869 US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
* 1878 Thomas Alva Edison patents gramophone (phonograph)
* 1881 Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
* 1884 Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky & In kill 800 people
* 1900 British troops occupy Hlangwane Natal
* 1906 WK Kellogg & Ch Bolin find Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Co
* 1910 English premiere of Richard Strauss' "Elektra"
* 1913 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
* 1913 Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support
* 1914 Riccardo Zandonai's opera "Francesco da Rimini," premieres in Turin
* 1915 British fleet fire on Dardanellen coast
* 1919 Pan-African Congress, organized by W E B Du Bois (Paris)
* 1920 Netherlands joins League of Nations
* 1922 Ed Wynn becomes 1st talent to sign as a radio entertainer
* 1923 Jean Sibelius' 6th Symphony, premieres
* 1923 Philip Barry's "You & I," premieres in NYC
* 1927 General strike against British occupiers in Shanghai
* 1928 2nd Winter Olympic games close at St Moritz, Switzerland
* 1928 Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
* 1929 Medical diathermy machine 1st used, Schenectady, NY
* 1932 William Faulkner completes his novel "Light in August"
* 1933 Prussian minister G”ring bans all Catholic newspapers
* 1934 Bob & Dolores Hope marry
* 1934 US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 mos
* 1935 Clifford Odets' "Awake & Sing," premieres in NYC
* 1936 Manuel Aza¤a becomes Spanish premier
* 1938 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark
* 1941 Nazi police attacks & driven away from Koco Amsterdam (by young Jews)
* 1941 Nazi raid Amsterdam & round up 429 young Jews for deportation
* 1942 About 150 Japanese warplanes attacked the Australian city of Darwin
* 1942 Bill Longson beats Managoff & Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ
* 1942 Dutch actors protest obligatory membership of Culture Chamber
* 1942 FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans
* 1942 Japanese troop land on Timor
* 1942 Tommy Dorsey & his orchestra recorded "I'll Take Tallulah"
* 1942 NY Yankees annouce 5,000 uniformed soldiers admitted free at each of their upcoming home games
* 1943 German tanks under brig gen Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass Tunesia
* 1944 823 British bombers attack Berlin
* 1944 U-264 sinks off Ireland
* 1945 30,000 US Marines land on Iwo Jima
* 1945 900 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days
* 1945 Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated
* 1945 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese
* 1946 Giants outfielder Danny Gardella is 1st major leaguer to announce he is jumping to the "outlaw" Mexican League
* 1947 CBS radio premiere of Villa-Lobos' "Bachianas Brasilieras No 3"
* 1949 "Inside USA" closes at Century Theater NYC after 339 performances
* 1949 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound
* 1949 Mass arrests of communists in India
* 1952 French offensive at Hanoi
* 1953 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
* 1953 Ted Williams safely crash-lands his damaged Panther jet
* 1953 William Inge's "Picnic," premieres in NYC
* 1954 WAST (now WNYT) TV channel 13 in Albany-Troy, NY (NBC) 1st broadcast
* 1955 South East Asia Collective Defense Treaty goes into effect
* 1956 Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
* 1958 Carl Perkins leaves Sun Records for Columbia Records
* 1959 Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
* 1959 Gabon adopts its constitution
* 1959 USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (4970 kph), NM
* 1960 Bil Keane's "Family Circus" cartoon strip debuts
* 1960 Protest strike in Poznan Poland
* 1961 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
* 1961 Henk van der Grift (Neth) becomes world champ all-round skater
* 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
* 1963 Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize
* 1963 USSR informs JFK it's withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba
* 1964 UK flies « ton of Beatle wigs to US
* 1965 NFL adds 6th official
* 1967 Stien Kaiser becomes world champion lady's skater
* 1968 1st US Teachers strike (Florida)
* 1969 1st Test flight of Boeing 747 jumbo jet
* 1970 AL Cy Young winner Denny McLain suspended for bookmaking
* 1970 USSR launches Sputnik 52 & Molniya 1-13 communications satellite
* 1971 Paul McCartney releases "Another Day" in UK
* 1971 Walt Wesley becomes 1st Cleve Cavalier to score 50 pts in a game
* 1972 Glenn Turner carries his bat for 223* v WI at Kingston
* 1974 1st American Music Award:
* 1976 Frente Polisario forms Democratic Republic of Sahara
* 1977 19th Grammy Awards: This Masquerade, Starland Vocal Band
* 1977 A's sell pitcher Paul Lindblad to the Rangers for $400,000
* 1977 Doug Walters scores 250 v NZ, 217 stand for 7th wicket w/Gilmour
* 1977 Fleetwood Mac's "Rumours" album released
* 1977 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
* 1977 Shuttle Enterprise makes 1st Test flight atop a 747 jetliner
* 1978 "On the 20th Century" opens at St James Theater NYC for 460 perfs
* 1978 Brigitte Kraus runs world record 1000 m indoor (2:34.8)
* 1978 Coleman, Comden & Green's musical premieres in NYC
* 1980 Botham a century & 13 wickets in Jubilee Test Cricket at Bombay
* 1980 Eric Heiden skates Olympic record 1000m in 1:15.18
* 1981 George Harrison is ordered to pay ABKCO Music $587,000 for "subconscious plagiarism" "My Sweet Lord" with "He's So Fine"
* 1982 Hanneke Jelgersma (Jagersma?) installed as Neth's 1st Communist mayor
* 1982 Sharie Langford, Calif, sets women's bowling series record of 853
* 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
* 1983 Fernando Valenzuela wins his salary arbitration of $1 million
* 1983 Vladimir Salnikov (USSR) sets 400 m free style swimming record
* 1984 "Doonesbury" closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 104 performances
* 1984 14th winter Olympic games close at Sarajevo, Yugoslavia
* 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
* 1984 1st brother combo to win Gold & Silver in same event at Olympics (Phil & Steve Mahre-Slalom)
* 1985 150 killed when a Spanish jetliner crashed approaching Bilbao, Spain
* 1985 ADM of Amsterdam declares bankruptcy
* 1985 Canned & bottled Cherry Coke introduced by Coca-Cola
* 1985 Mickey Mouse welcomed in China
* 1985 William Schroeder is 1st artificial heart patient to leave hospital He spent 15 minutes outside Humana Hospital in Louisville, Ky
* 1986 Jordanian King Hussein severs ties with PLO
* 1986 US Senate ratifies UN's anti-genocide convention 37 years later
* 1986 USSR launches Mir space station into Earth orbit
* 1987 "Stardust" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 102 performances
* 1987 Anti-smoking ad airs for 1st time on TV, featuring Yul Brynner
* 1987 Less than a month after re-signing, A's pitcher Vida Blue retires
* 1987 Minn sheriff office arrest FBI most wanted, Thomas G Harrelson
* 1987 Reagan lifts trade boycott against Poland
* 1988 Helga Arendt, Silke-Beate Knoll, Mechthild Kluth, Gisela Kinzel walk indoor female world record 4x200m (1:32.55)
* 1989 "Legs Diamond" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 64 perfs
* 1989 Edgar Bowers wins Bollingen Prize
* 1990 Police kill 8 demonstrators for multi party system in Nepal
* 1990 Soyuz TM-9 lands
* 1992 "Crazy For You" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 1622 performances
* 1992 Ken Ludwig's musical "Crazy for You," premieres in NYC
* 1992 Peter Collins discovers nova Cygni 1992
* 1992 Porn producer Jim Mitchell found guilty of killing his brother Artie
* 1993 Kenya Moore, 22, (Michigan), crowned 42nd Miss USA
* 1994 Marta Figueras-Dotti wins Cup o' Noodles Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
* 1995 1st broadcast of "Woman of Independent Means" on NBC-TV
* 1995 Irina Privalova runs indoor woman's European record 200m (22.10 sec)
* 1995 Kenneth Koch wins Bollingen Prize
* 1995 Linford Christie runs world record 200m indoor (20.25 sec)
* 1995 Linford Christie runs European record 60m indoor (6.47 sec)
* 1995 Michael Tippett's "Rose Lake," premieres
* 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in York PA on WQXA 105.7 FM
* 1997 FCC makes available 311 for non-emergency calls & 711 for hearing or speech-impaired emergency calls
* 1998 Soyuz TM-26 lands
* 1998 US hockey team destroys their rooms at Olympic village in Japan
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 19, 2015 10:54:44 AM

* 1878 - The technology that made the modern music business possible came into existence in the New Jersey laboratory where Thomas Alva Edison created the first device to both record sound and play it back. He was awarded U.S. Patent No. 200,521 for his invention--the phonograph--on this day in 1878.

Edison's invention came about as spin-off from his ongoing work in telephony and telegraphy. In an effort to facilitate the repeated transmission of a single telegraph message, Edison devised a method for capturing a passage of Morse code as a sequence of indentations on a spool of paper. Reasoning that a similar feat could be accomplished for the telephone, Edison devised a system that transferred the vibrations of a diaphragm—i.e., sound—to an embossing point and then mechanically onto an impressionable medium—paraffin paper at first, and then a spinning, tin-foil wrapped cylinder as he refined his concept. Edison and his mechanic, John Kreusi, worked on the invention through the autumn of 1877 and quickly had a working model ready for demonstration. The December 22, 1877, issue of Scientific American reported that "Mr. Thomas A. Edison recently came into this office, placed a little machine on our desk, turned a crank, and the machine inquired as to our health, asked how we liked the phonograph, informed us that it was very well, and bid us a cordial good night."

The patent awarded to Edison on February 19, 1878, specified a particular method—embossing—for capturing sound on tin-foil-covered cylinders. The next critical improvement in recording technology came courtesy of Edison's competitor in the race to develop the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell. His newly established Bell Labs developed a phonograph based on the engraving of a wax cylinder, a significant improvement that led directly to the successful commercialization of recorded music in the 1890s and lent a vocabulary to the recording business—e.g., "cutting" records and "spinning wax"—that has long outlived the technology on which it was based.

Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 19, 2015 3:04:41 AM

1994 – United Airlines introduced their new airline, United Shuttle, named U-2.
Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 18, 2015 3:56:37 PM

* 1129 Jerusalem taken by Emperor Frederik II
* 1503 Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales (later Henry VIII)
* 1536 France & Turkey sign milt/trade agreement against King Karel
* 1563 Huguenot Jean Poltrot de M‚r‚ shoots gen Fran‡ois De Guise
* 1574 Zeeland falls to Dutch rebels
* 1634 Ferdinand II orders commander Albrecht von Wallenstein, execution
* 1678 John Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress" is published
* 1688 Quakers conduct 1st formal protest of slavery in Germantown, Pa
* 1713 French invade under Jacques Cassard on Cura‡ao
* 1735 1st opera performed in America, "Flora," in Charleston, SC
* 1745 Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Inverness Scotland
* 1787 Austrian emperor Jozef II bans children under 8 from labor
* 1804 1st US land-grant college, Ohio University, Athens Ohio, chartered
* 1828 More than 100 vessels destroyed in a storm, Gibraltar
* 1834 1st US labor newspaper, "The Man," published, NYC
* 1839 Detroit Boat Club forms (& still exists)
* 1841 1st continuous filibuster in US Senate began, lasting until March 11
* 1849 1st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02/28)
* 1850 Calif Legislature creates 9 Bay Area counties
* 1856 American (Know-Nothing) Party abolishes secrecy
* 1857 Insurrection of Chinese in Sarawak, Borneo
* 1861 Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery Ala
* 1861 King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes 1st king of Italy
* 1865 Battle of Ft Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
* 1865 Evacuation of Charleston, SC; Sherman's troops burn city
* 1865 Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, NC
* 1876 Direct telegraph link established between Britain & NZ
* 1879 Arabs capture Egyptian premier Nabar Pasha
* 1884 General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum
* 1884 Police seize all copies of Tolstoy's "What I Believe In"
* 1885 Mark Twain's "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn," published
* 1891 Capt Archinard's army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan
* 1896 Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for 1st time in 50 yrs
* 1899 80°F in SF
* 1899 SF named as a port of dispatch for Army transports
* 1899 Stanley Cup: Mont Shamrocks sweep Queens U (Kingston Ont) in 2 games
* 1900 Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam
* 1900 Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured
* 1900 British troops occupy Monte Christo Natal
* 1901 H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner
* 1902 Opera "Hunchback of Notre Dame," premieres in Monte Carlo
* 1903 Kuyper govt launches anti strike laws
* 1905 Frank Wedekind's "Hidada, oder Sein und Haben," premieres in Munich
* 1906 Vincent d'Indy's "Jour D'‚t‚ … La Montagne," premieres in Paris
* 1908 1st US postage stamps in rolls issued
* 1909 Boston Red Sox trade Cy Young, at 41, to Cleveland Naps
* 1913 French painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" displayed in NYC
* 1915 Germany begins a blockade of England
* 1919 Cy Denneny of NHL Ottawa Senators scores record 52nd goals
* 1921 British troops occupy Dublin
* 1922 Kenesaw Mountain Landis resigns his judgeship to work for baseball
* 1922 WOC-AM in Davenport IA begins radio transmissions
* 1923 Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages
* 1924 US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
* 1924 US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
* 1924 US, min of marine Edwin Denby ends term due to Teapot Dome-scandal
* 1927 1st US radio broadcast of "Cities Service Concerts"
* 1927 US & Canada begin diplomatic relations
* 1930 Cow flown & milked, milk sealed in paper containers & parachuted
* 1930 Luigi Pirandello's "Come Tu Mi Vuoi," premieres in Milan
* 1930 Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Hart's "Simple Simon," premieres in NYC
* 1930 US astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto
* 1932 Japan declares Manchuria Independent
* 1932 Sonja Henie wins her 6th straight World Women's figure skating title
* 1936 NHL record 32 points scored, NY Americans (28) & Mont Maroons (24)
* 1939 Golden Gate International Exposition opens on Treasure Island
* 1942 Japanese troop land on Bali
* 1943 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper "Trouw"
* 1943 Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (Chilean gen/dictator) marries Lucia Hiriart
* 1943 Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
* 1943 William D Cox buys Phila Phillies
* 1944 Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
* 1944 Youngest baseball player, Cin Reds sign 15 year old Joe Nuxhall
* 1947 24 die in a train crash in Gallitzin Pa
* 1947 Gian Carlo Menotti's opera "Telephone," premieres in NYC
* 1950 "Dance Me a Song" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 35 performances
* 1951 3 City College of NY basketball players admit to accepting bribes
* 1951 Nep l becomes a constitutional monarchy
* 1951 Netherlands Radio School forms
* 1952 4th Emmy Awards: Red Skelton, Sid Caesar & Imogene Coca wins
* 1953 "Bwana Devil," the 1st 3-D movie, opened in New York
* 1953 "Maggie" opens at National Theater NYC for 5 performances
* 1953 KOLN TV channel 10 in Lincoln, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting
* 1953 Premiere of 1st 3-D feature film-"Bwana Devil" (NYC)
* 1955 Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
* 1960 8th Winter Olympic games open in Squaw Valley, Colo
* 1960 Walter O'Malley, LA Dodger owner, purchases Chavez Ravine for $494,000
* 1961 Henk van der Grift becomes world champion skater
* 1962 France & Algerian Moslems negotiate truce to end 7 year war
* 1962 Louise Suggs wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
* 1964 Muriel Resnik's "Any Wednesday," premieres in NYC
* 1964 Papandreou Govt takes power in Greece
* 1965 "Fade Out-Fade In" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 72 perfs
* 1965 27 copper miners die in avalanche, Granduc Mountain, BC
* 1965 Frank Gifford announces his retirement from football for broadcasting
* 1965 Gambia gains independence from Britain (National Day)
* 1967 Bob Seagren sets pole vault record at 17'3"
* 1967 Softball pitcher Eddie Feigner strikes out 6 straight major leaguers
* 1968 10,000 demonstrators against US in Vietnam War in West-Berlin
* 1968 10th Winter Olympic games close at Grenoble, France
* 1968 British adopts year-round daylight savings time
* 1968 David Gilmour joins rock group Pink Floyd
* 1969 Doug Walters scores 2nd innings century after 242 in 1st
* 1969 PLO-attack El-Al plane in Zurich Switzerland
* 1970 Chicago 7 defendants found innocent of inciting to riot
* 1970 US president Nixon launches "Nixon-doctrine"
* 1972 Calif Supreme Court abolishes death penalty
* 1972 Giulio Andreotti sworn in as premier of Italy
* 1972 John & Yoko end a week of co-hosting Mike Douglas Show
* 1973 54-kg octopus measuring 7m across captured in Hood Canal, Wash
* 1973 Belgian Emiel Puttemans runs 3000m indoor record 7:39.2
* 1973 Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Pompano Beach Golf Classic
* 1974 NASA launches Italian satellite San Marcos C-2 (235/843 km)
* 1974 US ambassador to India Daniel Moynihan present $2,046,700,000 check
* 1975 2nd American Music Award:
* 1975 Italy broadens abortion law
* 1977 George Harrison releases "True Love"
* 1977 Space Shuttle above a Boeing 747 goes on it's maiden flight
* 1977 Test Cricket debuts of Colin Croft & Joel Garner v Pakistan Bridgetown
* 1978 1st Iron Man Triathlon (swim, bike ride, marathon) held, Kona, Hawaii
* 1979 -52°F (-47°C), Old Forge, New York (state record)
* 1979 Amy Alcott wins LPGA Elizabeth Arden Golf Classic
* 1979 Miniseries "Roots: Next Generations" premieres on ABC TV
* 1979 NASA launches space vehicle S-202
* 1979 Pres Zia ur-Rahmans National Party wins elections in Bangladesh
* 1979 Snow falls in Sahara Desert
* 1980 Billy Wyman said he will leave Rolling Stones in 1983 (Sure!)
* 1980 Pierre Elliott Trudeau's Liberal Party wins Canada's elections
* 1983 NBA Indiana Pacers begin a 28 game road losing streak
* 1984 Revised concordat between Italy & Vatican signed
* 1986 San Antonio's Alvin Robertson scores NBA 2nd quadruple double-20 pts, 11 rebounds, 10 assists & 10 steals against Phoenix
* 1988 Anthony M Kennedy, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice
* 1989 Sherri Turner wins LPGA Orix Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open/Itoki Pro-Am
* 1989 Steve Garvey marries Candace Thomas while at same time being accused of fathering children by 2 other women
* 1990 Jane Crafter wins LPGA Phar-Mor at Inverrary Golf Tournament
* 1991 Edmonton Oiler goalie Grant Fuhr returns to NHL after season-long suspension for substance abuse & shuts out NJ Devils 4-0
* 1993 Howard Stern's radio show begins transmitting to Rochester NY
* 1994 Actor Joe Pantoliano (41) weds model Nancy Sheppard (31)
* 1994 Dan Jansen skates world record 1000m (1:12.43)
* 1994 Shreveport Pirates join CFL as 4th US team
* 1995 Angela Kennedy swims world record 100m butterfly
* 1995 Barb Thomas Whitehead wins Cup o' Noodles Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
* 1995 Pamela Anderson (Baywatch) & Tommy Lee (Motley Crue) wed
* 1995 Warnecke swims world record 50m freestyle
* 1996 1st full ODI for Kenya, Cricket World Cup v India
* 1996 Daytona 500 race
* 1996 Tendulkar scores 127* in India's Cricket World Cup win over Kenya
* 1998 NY Rangers fire head coach Colin Campbell
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 18, 2015 10:51:03 AM

* 2001 - Dale Earnhardt Sr., considered one of the greatest drivers in National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) history, dies at the age of 49 in a last-lap crash at the 43rd Daytona 500 in Daytona Beach, Florida. Earnhardt was driving his famous black No. 3 Chevrolet and vying for third place when he collided with another car, then crashed into a wall. After being cut from his car, Earnhardt, whose tough, aggressive driving style earned him the nickname "The Intimidator," was taken to a hospital, where he was pronounced dead of head injuries.

Earnhardt had been involved in another crash at the Daytona 500 in 1997, when his car flipped upside down on the backstretch. He managed to escape serious injury and went on to win Daytona in 1998, his first and only victory in that race after 20 years of trying. The 200-lap, 500-mile Daytona 500, which was first run in 1959 at the newly opened Daytona International Speedway, is one of NASCAR's premiere events as well as its season opener.

Earnhardt, whose father was a race car driver, was born on April 29, 1951, in Kannapolis, North Carolina, and dropped out of high school to pursue his own racing career. He went on to become one of NASCAR's most successful and respected competitors, winning 76 Winston Cup (now known as the Sprint Cup) races in his career and taking home a record seven Cup championships, a feat achieved by just one other driver in his sport, Richard Petty. In addition to his legendary accomplishments as a driver, Earnhardt was also a successful businessman and NASCAR team owner. The 2001 Daytona race which cost Earnhardt his life was won by Michael Waltrip, who drove for Dale Earnhardt Inc. (DEI). Earnhardt's son, Dale Jr., also a DEI driver (until 2008, when he began driving for the Hendrick Motorsports team), took second place in the race.

Dale Earnhardt Sr.'s death in 2001 made him the fourth NASCAR driver to die within a nine-month period and eventually prompted NASCAR officials to implement a series of more stringent safety regulations, including the use of head-and-neck restraints.

Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 18, 2015 3:01:54 AM

1885 – The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was first published.
Champion Author New Jersey

Joined:Jul 2005
Message Posted: Feb 17, 2015 10:40:36 PM

Michael Jordan (1963): Basketball player whose talents helped the Chicago Bulls win 6 NBA Championships and whose successes landed him many lucrative endorsement deals. Jordan, who was a two-time college Player of the Year at the University of North Carolina (1982 – 84), went on to become a guard for the Chicago Bulls. He led the Bulls to three NBA Championships (1991, 1992 and 1993), and was named Most Valuable Player in 1991 and 1992. In 1993, Jordan left basketball and pursued a career as a professional baseball player to little success. In 1995, he returned to the Bulls and the team was once again victorious in the NBA Championships (1996 and 1997). Jordan has also displayed his talents on the big screen in Space Jam (1996), alongside Looney Toons animated characters. In 1999, Jordan retired from the NBA only to return in 2001 to play for the Washington Wizards. Before his final retirement in 2003 he averaged 20.0 points, 6.1 rebounds, 3.8 assists and 1.5 steals per game.
Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 17, 2015 9:39:45 PM

* 1370 Battle at Rudau: Germany beats Lithuania
* 1568 Holy Roman Emperor agrees to pay tribute to the Sultan for peace
* 1598 Boris Godunov chosen tsar of Russia
* 1621 Miles Standish appointed 1st commander of Plymouth colony
* 1634 William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing "Histrio-masti
* 1670 France & Bavaria sign military assistance treaty
* 1676 Kings Charles II & Louis XIV sign secret treaty
* 1691 Thomas Neale granted British patent for American postal service
* 1714 Parliament of Paris accepts Pope Clemens XI's "Unigenitus" degree
* 1772 1st partition of Poland-Russia & Prussia, joined later by Austria
* 1776 1st volume of Gibbon's "Decline & Fall of Roman Empire" published
* 1791 Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)
* 1795 Thomas Seddal harvests 8.3-kg potato from his garden Chester, England
* 1801 House breaks electoral college tie, chooses Jefferson pres over Burr
* 1817 1st US city lit by gas (Baltimore)
* 1818 Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents "draisine" (early bicycle)
* 1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leaves Tasmania
* 1841 Dutch ex-king Willem I marries Henriette d'Oultremont de W‚gimont
* 1848 Toscane gets liberal Constitution
* 1854 British recognize independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
* 1859 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Un Ballo in maschera" premieres in Napoli
* 1864 Confederate sub "HL Hunley" sinks Union ship "Housatonic"
* 1865 -18] Battle of Charleston SC
* 1865 Columbia SC burns down during Civil War
* 1867 1st ship passes through Suez Canal
* 1867 Gyula Andressy becomes premier of Hungary
* 1870 Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge
* 1870 Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
* 1876 Sardines 1st canned (Julius Wolff-Eastport, Maine)
* 1878 1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
* 1880 Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
* 1882 1st Test Cricket match played at Sydney Cricket Ground
* 1883 A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
* 1885 Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa
* 1896 London Country Councils' Muzzling Order becomes effective
* 1897 National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association)
* 1904 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Madama Butterfly," premieres in Milan
* 1905 Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
* 1906 Theodore Roosevelt's daughter Alice marries in the White House
* 1911 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)
* 1913 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)
* 1913 NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public
* 1915 Edward Stone, 1st US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded
* 1916 Romberg/Hanley/Atteridge/Smith' musical premieres in NYC
* 1921 Arthur Honegger's "Pastorale D'‚t‚," premieres
* 1923 Ottawa Senator Cy Denneny becomes NHL's all time scorer (143 goals)
* 1924 Johnny Weissmuller sets 100-yard freestyle record (52.4 seconds)
* 1926 Avalanche buries 75 in Sap Gulch Bingham Utah, 40 die
* 1926 Tennis star Suzanne Lenglen beats Helen Wills in their only match
* 1930 French govt of Tardieu, falls
* 1931 1st telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball)
* 1931 Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
* 1932 Irving Berlin's musical "Face the Music," premieres in NYC
* 1933 1st issue of "Newsweek" magazine published
* 1933 Blondie Boopadoop married Dagwood Bumstead in the comic Blondie
* 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe arrives in Glindow, at Potsdam
* 1933 US Senate accept Blaine Act: ending prohibition
* 1934 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
* 1936 "Phantom" cartoon strip by Lee Falk debuts
* 1936 -58°F (-50°C), McIntosh, South Dakota (state record)
* 1936 SN Behrmann's "End of Summer," premieres in NYC
* 1938 1st public experimental demonstration of Baird color TV (London)
* 1939 Katwijk soccer team forms
* 1940 Bradman scores 135 in a non-Shield match for SA v West Australia
* 1940 British destroyers board German Altmark off Norway
* 1941 Joe Louis KOs Gus Dorazio in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
* 1943 -19] Hitler visits fieldmarshal von Mansteins hq in Zaporozje
* 1943 Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews
* 1943 Gen-major Bradley flies to Wash DC
* 1943 NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio, enlists into the US army
* 1944 Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22
* 1944 US begins night bombing of Truk
* 1946 Humanistic Covenant forms in Amsterdam
* 1947 Dutch RC bishops publish manifest against "godless communism"
* 1947 Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR
* 1949 Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel
* 1949 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Andrea Kekesy/Ede Kiraly of HUN
* 1949 Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Paris won by Alena Vrzanova of CZE
* 1949 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button USA
* 1949 Richard Button retains world figure skating championship in Paris
* 1950 31 die in a train crash in Rockville Center NY
* 1953 Baseball star/pilot Ted Williams uninjured as plane shot down in Korea
* 1953 DSB soccer team forms in Eindhoven
* 1955 Ice Dance Championship at Vienna Austria won by J Westwood/Demmy GRB
* 1955 Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Frances Dafoe & Bowden of CAN
* 1955 KTVF TV channel 11 in Fairbanks, AK (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
* 1955 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Vienna won by Tenley Albright US
* 1955 Mike Souchak sets PGA 72-hole record of 257
* 1956 Ice Dance Championship at Garmisch won by Pamela Weight/P Thomas GRB
* 1956 Ice Pairs Championship at Garmisch won by Schwarz & Oppelt of AUT
* 1956 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by Carol Heiss USA
* 1956 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by H A Jenkins USA
* 1957 Fire in Warreton Mo, kills 72
* 1957 Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
* 1957 Suez Canal reopens
* 1958 Comic strip "BC" 1st appears
* 1958 WETV (now WPBA) TV channel 30 in Atlanta, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
* 1959 1st weather satellite launched, Vanguard 2, 9.8 kg
* 1962 Beach Boys introduced a new musical style with their hit "Surfin"
* 1962 Storm in Hamburg, kills 265
* 1962 Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Phila Warriors scores 67 points vs St Louis
* 1963 Toru Terasawa runs world record marathon (2:15:15.8
* 1964 101st member elected to baseball's hall of fame (Luke Appling)
* 1964 US House of Reps accept Law on the civil rights
* 1964 US Supreme court rules - 1 man 1 vote (Westberry v Sanders)
* 1964 WMEM TV channel 10 in Presque Isle, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting
* 1965 US Ranger 8 launched, will transmit 7,137 lunar pictures
* 1965 US-Japan baseball relations suspended over Masanori Murakami dispute
* 1966 French satellite Diapason D-1A launch into Earth orbit
* 1967 Beatles release "Penny Lane" & "Strawberry Fields"
* 1967 Kosmos 140 (Soyuz Test) launches into Earth orbit
* 1968 Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Springfield Mass, opens
* 1969 Bob Dylan & Johnny Cash record an album (never released)
* 1969 Golda Meir sworn in as Israel's 1st female prime minister
* 1970 Jeffrey McDonald slices up his wife & daughter
* 1970 Joni Mitchell's final concert (Royal Albert Hall)
* 1970 Robert Marasco's "Child's Play," premieres in NYC
* 1971 England regains cricket Ashes with a 2-0 series win
* 1972 British Parliament votes to join European Common Market
* 1972 President Nixon leaves Washington DC for China
* 1973 Rodney Redmond scores 107 on debut v Pakistan, his only Test Cricket
* 1974 49 die in stampede for seats at soccer match, Cairo, Egypt
* 1974 Carol Mann wins LPGA Naples Lely Golf Classic
* 1976 "Rockabye Hamlet" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 7 performances
* 1976 Macau adopts constitution (Organic Law of Macau)
* 1976 NZ scores their 1st innings win in Test Cricket, v India
* 1976 Richard Hadlee takes 7-23 v India, his 1st match-winning spell
* 1979 China invades Vietnam
* 1979 Eric Heiden equals skating world record 1000m (1:14.99)
* 1980 Buddy Baker wins Daytona 500 (177.6 MPH/285.8 kph)
* 1980 Dot Germain wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
* 1981 Chrysler Corp reports largest corporate losses in US history
* 1982 Commencement of Sri Lanka's 1st Test Cricket match, v England
* 1983 Bob Bourne fails on 8th Islander penalty shot
* 1983 Netherlands adopts constitution
* 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
* 1985 1st class postage rises from 20¢ to 22¢
* 1985 1st day/night game at the MCG, Australia v England
* 1985 3rd person to receive an artificial heart (Murray Haydon)
* 1985 Hein Vergeer becomes world champion skater
* 1985 Laffit Pincay Jr is third to ride 6,000th winners at Santa Anita
* 1986 1st Francophone Summit convenes at Versailles
* 1986 Howard Stern radio show returns to NYC morning radio (WXRK 92.3 FM)
* 1986 Johnson & Johnson announces it no longer sell capsule drugs
* 1986 Libyan bombers attack N'djamena Airport in Chad
* 1987 Don Mattingly wins highest salary arbitration ($1,975,000 per year)
* 1987 Michelle Renee Royer, 21, (Texas), crowned 36th Miss USA
* 1988 Lebanese terrorists kidnap UN truce observer Lt Col William Higgins
* 1988 US Lt Col Wm Higgins kidnapped by Lebanese terrorists & later killed
* 1989 6-week study of Arctic atmosphere shows no ozone "hole"
* 1989 Former baseball player/manager Leo Durocher injured in a car crash
* 1989 Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia & Libya form common market
* 1989 Orel Hershiser, Dodger pitcher signs record $7.9M-3 year contract
* 1989 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
* 1989 Whitesnake's rocker David Coverdale weds actress Tawny Kitaen
* 1991 US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge
* 1993 Haitian ferry boat capsize in storm, 800-2,000 die
* 1993 Mark Foster swims world record 50m free style (21.60 sec)
* 1995 11th Soap Opera Digest Awards
* 1995 Colin Fergusson found guilty of killing 6 people on the LIRR in NY
* 1995 Tiger mgr Sparky Anderson takes unpaid leave due to baseball strike
* 1995 Federal judge allows lawsuit claiming US tobacco makers knew nicotine was addictive & manipulated its levels to keep customers hooked
* 1996 1st full ODI for the Netherlands, v NZ, cricket World Cup Nolan Clarke makes ODI debut for Netherlands at age 47
* 1997 Carl Sagan Public Memorial at Pasadena Calif
* 1997 Weekly Standard shows evidence Larry Flint sex abused his daughter
* 1998 Diane Zamora, 20, Naval Academy cadet convicted of capital murder
* 1998 Larry Wayne Harris & Bill Levitt arrested for possession of anthrax
Champion Author Chicago

Joined:Oct 2001
Message Posted: Feb 17, 2015 12:31:22 PM

* 1820 - The Senate passes the Missouri Compromise, an attempt to deal with the dangerously divisive issue of extending slavery into the western territories.

From colonial days to the Civil War, slavery and western expansion both played fundamental but inherently incompatible roles in the American republic. As the nation expanded westward, the Congress adopted relatively liberal procedures by which western territories could organize and join the union as full-fledged states. Southern slaveholders, eager to replicate their plantation system in the West, wanted to keep the new territories open to slavery. Abolitionists, concentrated primarily in the industrial North, wanted the West to be exclusively a free labor region and hoped that slavery would gradually die out if confined to the South. Both factions realized their future congressional influence would depend on the number of new "slave" and "free" states admitted into the union.

Consequently, the West became the first political battleground over the slavery issue. In 1818, the Territory of Missouri applied to Congress for admission as a slave state. Early in 1819, a New York congressman introduced an amendment to the proposed Missouri constitution that would ban importation of new slaves and require gradual emancipation of existing slaves. Southern congressmen reacted with outrage, inspiring a nationwide debate on the future of slavery in the nation.

Over the next year, the congressional debate grew increasingly bitter, and southerners began to threaten secession and civil war. To avoid this disastrous possibility, key congressmen hammered together an agreement that became known as the Missouri Compromise. In exchange for admitting Missouri without restrictions on slavery, the Compromise called for bringing in Maine as a free state. The Compromise also dictated that slavery would be prohibited in all future western states carved out of the Louisiana Territory that were higher in latitude than the northern border of Arkansas Territory.

Although the Missouri Compromise temporarily eased the inherent tensions between western expansion and slavery, the divisive issue was far from resolved. Whether or not to allow slavery in the states of Texas, Kansas, and Nebraska caused the same difficulties several decades later, leading the nation toward civil war.

Champion Author Las Vegas

Joined:Mar 2012
Message Posted: Feb 17, 2015 3:01:46 AM

1933 – The first edition of Newsweek Magazine was published. The cover featured seven photographs from the week’s news.
Champion Author New Jersey

Joined:Jul 2005
Message Posted: Feb 16, 2015 11:11:58 PM

2015 — Singer-songwriter Lesley Gore, who topped the charts in 1963 at age 16 with her epic song of teenage angst, "It's My Party," and followed it up with the hits "Judy's Turn to Cry," and the feminist anthem "You Don't Own Me," died. She was 68.

[Edited by: Joisygal at 2/16/2015 11:17:18 PM EST]
Champion Author Nevada

Joined:Oct 2010
Message Posted: Feb 16, 2015 11:31:12 AM

1959-Fidel Castro became the leader of Cuba after having ousted the right-wing dictator Fulgencio Batista.
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